IntroductionCollecting CitationsBacking-Up/SyncingPlacing Citations in a Document
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APA Citation Guide   Tags: bibliography, cited, citing, references, works  

A guide for the American Psychological Association (APA) citation style.
Last Updated: Nov 4, 2014 URL: http://libguides.csusb.edu/apa Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Citations Templates and Examples Print Page
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APA Citation Guide

 

Tips Before Turning It In

Before submitting your paper to the instructor, be sure to review these tips and make corrections to your reference list.

  • If your instructor’s preferred style differs from this suggested style, always follow your instructor’s directions.
  • All references are double-spaced.
  • Do not indent the first line in each citation, but indent all the following lines, which is called a hanging indent. (Ctrl+T in MS Word.)
  • Use initials for first and middle names, even if the entire name is provided.
  • In the article title, capitalize only the first word of the title and subtitle, and any proper nouns
  • In the article title, do not underline or use quotation marks.
  • Italicize journal name and volume number or book title.
  • Include month and year for monthly magazines; include date for weekly magazines.
  • p. [page] and pp. [pages] are included only in newspaper articles, book chapters, and journals that do not use volume numbers.
  • Months are spelled out rather than abbreviated.
  • Do not end the citation with a period if it ends in a URL or DOI.
  • Space once after commas, colons, semicolons, punctuation marks at the ends of sentences, periods that separate parts of a reference citation, and after the periods of the initials in personal names.
  • If the URL runs long, break it up so it flows with the rest of the citation.
 

Articles from Electronic Sources

"Electronic sources" generally means library databases, other online databases, and Web sites. Below are three templates. Use the most relevant one for you and plug in the citation information.

Author(s). (year). Article title. Name of Journal, volume, pages. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx
Author(s). (year). Article title. Name of Journal, volume (issue), pages. Retrieved from journal URL
Author(s). (year). Article title. Name of Journal, volume (issue), pages. Retrieved from article URL if poor navigation on site

Below are examples of citations for articles from electronic sources.  All citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent (Ctrl+T).

Journal article with doi

example of journal article with 2 authors and doi

Magazine article without doi

image of article citation without doi

Newspaper article/Web page (no author) without doi

example of newspaper article/Web article, no author, no doi

 

Articles from Paper Sources

Some articles are still available in the Pfau Library in paper formats.  Below are three standard templates for articles from paper sources.  Use the most relevant one for you and plug in the citation information.

Author(s). (year). Article title. Name of Journal, volume, pages.
Author(s). (year). Article title. Name of Journal, volume (issue), pages.

Below are examples of citations for articles from paper sources.  All citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent (Ctrl+T).

Journal article

example of paper article with 2 authors and issue number

Magazine article with date

example of magazine article, 1 author, and date

Newspaper article, no author, discontinuous pages

example of newspaper article, no author, discontinuous pages

 

Books, Chapters, and ERIC documents

Below are three standard templates for books in both electronic and paper formats.  Use the most relevant one for you and plug in the citation information.

Author(s). (year). Book title (edition if given). Where published: Publisher.
Author(s). (year). Book title. Where published: Publisher. Retrieved from URL of book.
Author(s) of essay or chapter. (year). In Author (Ed.), Book title (pages of essay or chapter). Where published: Publisher.  Retrieved from URL of chaper or essay.

If the item is in electronic form add "Retrieved from [URL]" as in the template above. Below are examples of citations modeled on the templates above. All citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent (Ctrl+T).

Book

example of book citation, paper format

Essay or Chapter Within a Book

example of citation of essay or chapter in book, online

Eric Document, Online

example of Eric document, online

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