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MLA Citation Guide: Parenthetical References

A guide the the Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style.

Parenthetical References

MLA Handbook, pp.54-58

 A parenthetical reference follows a quotation or paraphrase you are using in the text of your writing. The information in parenthetical references leads readers to the complete citation found in the works cited page. Usually the author and page are enough for a parenthetical reference:

 

 Medieval Europe was a place both of “raids, pillages, slavery, and extortion” and of “traveling merchants, monetary exchange” (Townsend 10).

 

If you include the name of the author in your text, page number is enough:

 

Townsend believes that Medieval Europe was a place both of “raids, pillages, slavery, and extortion” and of “traveling merchants, monetary exchange” (10).

 

For more detailed information and examples, please see:

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 8th ed., call number: LB2369 .G53 2016 held at the Reference Desk and the Reserve Desk.