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MLA Citation Guide: Citations Templates and Examples

A guide the the Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style.

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MLA Citation Guide

Tips Before Turning It In

Before submitting your paper to the instructor, be sure to review these tips and make corrections to your reference list.

  • If your instructor’s preferred style differs from this suggested style, always follow your instructor’s directions.
  • All references are double-spaced.
  • Do not indent the first line in each citation, but indent all the following lines (a hanging indent, Ctrl+T in MS Word).
  • For multiple authors for a single citation, the first should be lastname, firstname. The second is firstname lastname. For three, give the lastname, firstname, et al.
  • Months are three-letter abbreviated except for May, June, and July.
  • In the title and subtitle, capitalize all words that are not articles, prepositions, coordinating conjunctions, and the to in infinitives.
  • Single-space after colons and periods.
  • The name of the journal, magazine, newspaper, database, and book are in italics.
  • The word “Press,” if it appears in the name of the publisher, may be abbreviated to P. “University Press” in the publisher name may be abbreviated to UP, however, just Press without the university is maintained.
  • Do not put the http:// or https:// before a URL at the end of the citation.

Articles from Electronic Sources

"Electronic sources" generally means library databases, other online databases, and Web sites. Below are three templates. Use the most relevant one for you and plug in the citation information.

 

Author(s). “Article Title.” Source, vol. #, no. #, season year, pp. xx-xx. Database, URL.

 

Below are examples of citations for articles from electronic sources.  All citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent (Ctrl+T).

 

Electronic PDF Article from database

Kong, Les. “Business Sources for Education Majors.” Education Graduate Students Journal, vol. 75, no. 4, 2014, pp. 12-19. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/52506788.

Electronic from database with doi, three or more authors

Zhang, Xiwen et al. “Affirmative Action and California Education.” Excellence and

            Equity in Education vol. 12, no. 2, Oct. 2009. Academic Search Premier,

            doi:12.5896/eee.2015.0057.

Electronic Article from a Web site, lacking pagination

Magedanz, Stacy. “Psychology of Louisiana Libraries.” Mother Jones Magazine

            May/June 1999, motherjones.com/magazine/issues/89545/.

Other

“Settlement Construction in Fallout 4 and Public City Management.” YouTube,

            uploaded by Lisa Bartle, 20 July 2016,

            www.youtube.com/watch?x=LR4T-sYYZq.

 

Articles from Paper Sources

Some articles are still available in the Pfau Library in paper formats.  Below is a template for articles from a paper source. 

                Author(s). “Article Title.” Name of Journal, vol. #, no. #, season year, pp. xx-xx.

Author(s). “Article Title.” Name of Journal, vol. #, no. #, season year, p. xxx.

Below are examples of citations for articles from paper sources.  All citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent (Ctrl+T).

 

Journal article with two authors

Bartle, Lisa, and Bonnie Petry. “Information Competency Programs in the CSU System.”

          Journal of Higher Education, vol. 32, no. 3, Fall 2013, pp. 33-52.

Magazine Article

Kong, Les. “Business Sources for Education Majors.” Education Graduate Students

          Magazine, 19 July 2005, pp. 12-19.

Newspaper Article (no author, discontinuous pages)

“Self-Esteem Linked to Regular Exercise.” Coyote Express, 2 Jan. 2016, pp. A3+.

 

Books, Chapters, and ERIC documents

Below are two standard templates for books in both electronic and paper formats.  Use the most relevant one for you and plug in the citation information.

                Author(s). Book Title. Edition, vol. #, Who published, year.

Author(s). Book Title. Vol. #, Who published, year.

Author of essay. “Essay Title.” Book Title. Edited by Editor, Publisher, year, pp. xx-xx.

Book

Tschabrun, Susan. African History Resources on the Continent. 2nd ed., Divine Press,

           1995.

Edited book

McDonald, Jane P., editor. Anthology of Librarianship. Hippie Press, 2006.

Book chapter (with editors)

Vassilakos-Long, Jill. “Effective Use of Government Documents.” Collected Essays

           on Library Resources, edited by Cesar Caballero and Buckley Barrett,

           Library Press International, 1999, pp. 135-48.

E-book

Tschabrun, Susan. African History Resources on the Continent. 2nd ed., Divine Press,

           1995. Google Books, books.google.com/books?isbn=1139464248.