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What is open access?
Open Access refers to the practice of making research works, such as peer-reviewed articles and other data, freely available on the web, to help promote scholarship and research around the world.
Starting in the early 2000's, many universities established Institutional Repositories, or web sites where they could preserve the scholarly output of their institutions and make it available to others. Dissertations and theses were obvious candidates for inclusion, along with faculty authored works and other kinds of university publications. For an example, see:
Harvard's open-access repository.
Open Access to scholarly research got a major boost in 2008 when the National Institutes of Health mandated that peer-reviewed articles based upon NIH-funded research must be made freely available. One of the most visible results of this mandate was PubMed Central. Many countries now insist that publicly funded research be made publicly available.
Includes archived health sciences research produced with federal grant funding, as well as fully open-access journals.
Other open access repositories provide research in progress or research data that may not have made it into print. A major example is arXiv, for physics, mathematics, and other science disciplines.
Pre-prints submitted by working researchers in physics, mathematics, and other quantitative sciences.
Open Access Advocacy
A project of the Association of Research Libraries, SPARC advocates for Open Access in scholarly publishing, Open Education opportunities, and Open Data sources.
Open Knowledge Foundation
Advocating for free access to knowledge content.
Open Access: Directories
Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving. Find out if your publisher supports posting in institutional repositories!
Directory of Open Access Repositories. Which schools and other institutions sponsor their own repositories?
Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies. Searchable directory of policies requiring researchers to make their research openly available.
Coordinator, Electronic Resources & Serials