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Chicago Notes and Bibliography (NB) Citation Guide 17E: Notes and Bibliography Templates and Examples

A look at notes and bibliography format for the Chicago NB style for the 17th edition.

Supplemental Files

Tips Before Turning It In

Before submitting your paper to the instructor, be sure to review these tips and make corrections to your reference list.

  • If your instructor’s preferred style differs from this suggested style, always follow your instructor’s directions.
  • Chicago uses title case for everything and uses the complete name of the author as provided by the item.
  • First notes have most elements separated by commas; bibliographies have most elements separated by periods.
  • Use a comma between the volume and issue no. But don't use a comma if there is no issue number.
  • All references in bibliographies are single spaced, but with a space between each citation.
  • Do not indent the first line in each citation, but indent all the following lines (a hanging indent/Ctrl+T).
  • Continue page numbering into the bibliography.
  • Put quotation marks around article titles.
  • Brief titles of articles or books remove a, an, and the if it is the first word in the title.
  • Brief titles of articles or books are four or fewer words in length.
  • Italicize journal and book titles.
  • For essay in an edited book, the “in” the first note is lowercase, while the “in” in the bibliography is title case.
  • For four or more authors, use Firstname Lastname et al. in first and second note.
  • In the bibiliography, for more than 10 authors, cite the first seven in order listed and follow with et al.
  • For online materials, include a DOI or persistent URL, or name the database.
  • Months are spelled out rather than abbreviated.
  • End the citation with a period even if it ends in a URL or DOI.
  • The numbered note in the running text is superscript with no period, but the matching numbered note itself is full sized and is followed by a period.

For More Information

For more detailed information and examples, please see:

The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed.

Z253 .U69 2017

held at the Reserve Desk and the Reference Desk. Chapter 14 (pp. 741-890) relates to Chicago’s NB format.

Article (two authors)

First note

#. Firstname Lastname and Firstname Lastname, Title of Article in Title Case and with Quotation Marks, Name of Journal in Italics and Title Case volume#, no. x (Month or Season yyyy): p#, https://doi.

1. Brent Singleton and Eva Sorrell, “Hate Crimes and Discrimination Against Muslim Converts in Late Victorian Liverpool,” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 37, no. 1 (January 2017): 10, doi:10.1080/13602004.2017.1294376.


Second+ note

#. Lastname and Lastname, "Brief Title of Article in Title Case with Quotation Marks," p#.

2. Singleton and Sorrell, “Hate Crimes and Discrimination,” 13.



Lastname, Firstname, and Firstname Lastname. "Title of Article in Title Case in Quotation Marks."

     Journal/Magazine Name in Title Case and Italics volume#, no. issue#

     (Month yyyy): p#-p#, doiORhttp://.

Singleton, Brent, and Eva Sorrell. “Hate Crimes and Discrimination Against

     Muslim Converts in Late Victorian Liverpool.” Journal of Muslim Minority

     Affairs 37, no. 1 (January 2017): 1-13, doi:10.1080/13602004.2017.1294376.


Book (one author)

First note

#. Firstname Lastname, Title of Book (Where: Publisher, yyyy), pp-pp.

3. Lisa BartleBest Book of Children’s Literature: An Introduction (San Bernardino: Academic Press, 2017), 22-23.


Second+ note

#. Lastname, Brief Title of Book, p.

4. BartleBest Book of Children’s, 27.



Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Where: Publisher, yyyy.

Bartle, Lisa. Best Book of Children’s Literature: An Introduction. San Bernardino: Academic Press,


Essay Acting Like a Chapter in an Edited Book (Three authors + editor)

First note

#. Firstname Lastname, “Title of Essay or Chapter in Title Case with Quotation Marks,” in Title of Book in Italics and Title Case, ed. Firstname Lastname (Where: Publisher, yyyy), p.

5. Frederick X. Gibbons, Jose Gould, and Sue Boney McCoy, “Self-Perception and Self-Deception: The Role of Attention in Suggestibility Processes,” in Human Suggestibility: Advances in Theory, Research, and Application, ed. John F. Schumaker (New York: Routledge, 1991), 205.


Second+ note

#. Lastname, “Brief Title of Essay,” p.

6. Gibbons, Gould, and McCoy, “Self-Perception and Self-Deception,” 203.



Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Essay or Chapter in Title Case with Quotation Marks,”

     In Title of Book in Italics and Title Case, edited by Firstname Lastname, pp-pp.

     Where: Publisher, yyyy.

Gibbons, Frederick X., Jose Gould, and Sue Boney McCoy. “Self-Perception and Self-
       Deception: The Role of Attention in Suggestibility Processes,” In Human
       Suggestibility: Advances in Theory, Research, and Application, edited by John F.
       Schumaker, 201-16. New York: Routledge, 1991.

Repeating Authors in the Notes or the Bibliography

In the bibliography, if an author has two or more entries in a row, you may type six (6) hyphens in place of the name. Alphabetize the entries by title.

Bartle, Lisa. Libraries: A Lifetime of Fun. San Bernardino: Jollytimes Press, 2017.

------. Now, More About Libraries. Hemet: Redlands University Press, 2017.

Ibid. is no longer encouraged by the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. However, it still provides rules for its use. Please consult with your instructor.

Ibidem is Latin for "in the same place." Ibid. is the abbreviation we use. Only the page may vary. Examples:

5. Ibid.

6. Ibid., 24.

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