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Procrastination in Academics: Scholarly Bibliography

Strategies and inspiration to work with procrastination.

Method

The following citations were found using Ebsco's platform of PsycInfo and the descriptor query: DE "Procrastination"

then limiting to scholarly articles, in English, a subject major heading of "college students," and a date span of 2011-2021.

Bibliography

Afzal, S., & Jami, H. (2018). Prevalence of academic procrastination and reasons for academic procrastination in university students. Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 28(1), 51–69.

Ariani, D. W., & Susilo, Y. S. (2018). Why do it later? Goal orientation, self-efficacy, test anxiety, on procrastination. Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies, 17, 45–73.

Aznar-Díaz, I., Romero-Rodríguez, J.-M., García-González, A., & Ramírez-Montoya, M.-S. (2020). Mexican and Spanish university students’ Internet addiction and academic procrastination: Correlation and potential factors. PLoS ONE, 15(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233655

Balkis, M., & Duru, E. (2017). Gender differences in the relationship between academic procrastination, satifaction [sic] with academic life and academic performance. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 15(1), 105–125. https://doi.org/10.14204/ejrep.41.16042

Balkis, M., & Duru, E. (2018). Procrastination, self‐downing, self‐doubt, and rational beliefs: A moderated mediation model. Journal of Counseling & Development, 96(2), 187–196. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcad.12191

Barutçu Yıldırım, F., & Demir, A. (2020). Self-handicapping among university students: The role of procrastination, test anxiety, self-esteem, and self-compassion. Psychological Reports, 123(3), 825–843. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294118825099

Brandy, J. M., Kessler, T. A., & Grabarek, C. H. (2018). A grounded theory investigation into sophomore students’ recall of depression during their freshman year in college: A pilot study. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 56(9), 44–50. https://doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20180329-02

Burnam, A., Komarraju, M., Hamel, R., & Nadler, D. R. (2014). Do adaptive perfectionism and self-determined motivation reduce academic procrastination? Learning and Individual Differences, 36, 165–172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2014.10.009

Cerino, E. S. (2014). Relationships between academic motivation, self-efficacy, and academic procrastination. Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research, 19(4), 156–163.

Chen, B.-B. (2019). Academic procrastination and bedtime among Chinese undergraduates: The indirect and moderating effects of sensation seeking and goal disengagement. Current Psychology: A Journal for Diverse Perspectives on Diverse Psychological Issues, 38(1), 187–193. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-017-9605-9

Chen, B.-B., & Chang, L. (2016). Procrastination as a fast life history strategy. Evolutionary Psychology, 14(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1177/1474704916630314

Chow, H. P. H. (2011). Procrastination among undergraduate students: Effects of emotional intelligence, school life, self-evaluation, and self- efficacy. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 57(2), 234–240.

Closson, L. M., & Bond, T. A. (2019). Social network site use and university adjustment. Educational Psychology, 39(8), 1027–1046. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443410.2019.1618443

Codina, N., Valenzuela, R., Pestana, J. V., & Gonzalez-Conde, J. (2018). Relations between student procrastination and teaching styles: Autonomy-supportive and controlling. Frontiers in Psychology, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00809

Corkin, D. M., Yu, S. L., Wolters, C. A., & Wiesner, M. (2014). The role of the college classroom climate on academic procrastination. Learning and Individual Differences, 32, 294–303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2014.04.001

Dominguez-Lara, S., Prada-Chapoñan, R., & Moreta-Herrera, R. (2019). Gender differences in the influence of personality on academic procrastination in Peruvian college students. Acta Colombiana de Psicología, 22(2), 137–147.

Dryden, W., & Sabelus, S. (2012). The perceived credibility of two rational emotive behavior therapy rationales for the treatment of academic procrastination. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 30(1), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10942-010-0123-z

Durak, H. Y. (2020). Cyberloafing in learning environments where online social networking sites are used as learning tools: Antecedents and consequences. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 58(3), 539–569. https://doi.org/10.1177/0735633119867766

Eckert, M., Ebert, D. D., Lehr, D., Sieland, B., & Berking, M. (2016). Overcome procrastination: Enhancing emotion regulation skills reduce procrastination. Learning and Individual Differences, 52, 10–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.10.001

Ferrari, J. R., Crum, K. P., & Pardo, M. A. (2018). Decisional procrastination: Assessing characterological and contextual variables around indecision. Current Psychology: A Journal for Diverse Perspectives on Diverse Psychological Issues, 37(2), 436–440. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-017-9681-x

Gagnon, J., Dionne, F., & Pychyl, T. A. (2016). Committed action: An initial study on its association to procrastination in academic settings. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 5(2), 97–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcbs.2016.04.002

Ganesan, R., Bt Mamat, N. H., Mellor, D., Rizzuto, L., & Kolar, C. (2014). Procrastination and the 2×2 achievement goal framework in Malaysian undergraduate students. Psychology in the Schools, 51(5), 506–516. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.21760

Gareau, A., Chamandy, M., Kljajic, K., & Gaudreau, P. (2019). The detrimental effect of academic procrastination on subsequent grades: The mediating role of coping over and above past achievement and working memory capacity. Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, 32(2), 141–154. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2018.1543763

Garzón-Umerenkova, A., de la Fuente, J., Amate, J., Paoloni, P. V., Fadda, S., & Pérez, J. F. (2018). A linear empirical model of self-regulation on flourishing, health, procrastination, and achievement, among university students. Frontiers in Psychology, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00536

Glick, D. M., & Orsillo, S. M. (2015). An investigation of the efficacy of acceptance-based behavioral therapy for academic procrastination. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(2), 400–409. https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0000050

Goroshit, M., & Hen, M. (2021). Academic procrastination and academic performance: Do learning disabilities matter? Current Psychology: A Journal for Diverse Perspectives on Diverse Psychological Issues, 40(5), 2490–2498. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00183-3

Häfner, A., Oberst, V., & Stock, A. (2014). Avoiding procrastination through time management: An experimental intervention study. Educational Studies, 40(3), 352–360. https://doi.org/10.1080/03055698.2014.899487

Hen, M., & Goroshit, M. (2020). The effects of decisional and academic procrastination on students’ feelings toward academic procrastination. Current Psychology: A Journal for Diverse Perspectives on Diverse Psychological Issues, 39(2), 556–563. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-017-9777-3

Hensley, L. C. (2014). Reconsidering active procrastination: Relations to motivation and achievement in college anatomy. Learning and Individual Differences, 36, 157–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2014.10.012

Hensley, L. C. (2016). The draws and drawbacks of college students’ active procrastination. Journal of College Student Development, 57(4), 465–471. https://doi.org/10.1353/csd.2016.0045

Hensley, L. C., & Cutshall, E. L. (2018). Procrastinating in college: Students’ readiness and resistance to change. Journal of College Student Development, 59(4), 498–504. https://doi.org/10.1353/csd.2018.0047

Jin, H., Wang, W., & Lan, X. (2019). Peer attachment and academic procrastination in Chinese college students: A moderated mediation model of future time perspective and grit. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02645

Johnson, P. E. Jr., Perrin, C. J., Salo, A., Deschaine, E., & Johnson, B. (2016). Use of an explicit rule decreases procrastination in university students. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 49(2), 346–358. https://doi.org/10.1002/jaba.287

Kaftan, O. J., & Freund, A. M. (2019). A motivational perspective on academic procrastination: Goal focus affects how students perceive activities while procrastinating. Motivation Science, 5(2), 135–156. https://doi.org/10.1037/mot0000110

Kennedy, G. J., & Tuckman, B. W. (2013). An exploration into the influence of academic and social values, procrastination, and perceived school belongingness on academic performance. Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 16(3), 435–470. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11218-013-9220-z

Kim, E., & Seo, E. H. (2013). The relationship of flow and self-regulated learning to active procrastination. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 41(7), 1099–1113. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2013.41.7.1099

Ko, C.-Y. A., & Chang, Y. (2019). Investigating the relationships among resilience, social anxiety, and procrastination in a sample of college students. Psychological Reports, 122(1), 231–245. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294118755111

Mahasneh, A. M., Bataineh, O. T., & Al-Zoubi, Z. H. (2016). The relationship between academic procrastination and parenting styles among Jordanian undergraduate university students. The Open Psychology Journal, 9. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874350101609010025

Mahoney, A. (2017). A comparison of escalating versus fixed reinforcement schedules on undergraduate quiz taking. Journal of Behavioral Education, 26(3), 264–276. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10864-017-9268-5

Martinčeková, L., & Enright, R. D. (2020). The effects of self-forgiveness and shame-proneness on procrastination: Exploring the mediating role of affect. Current Psychology: A Journal for Diverse Perspectives on Diverse Psychological Issues, 39(2), 428–437. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-018-9926-3

Meier, A., Reinecke, L., & Meltzer, C. E. (2016). “Facebocrastination”? Predictors of using Facebook for procrastination and its effects on students’ well-being. Computers in Human Behavior, 64, 65–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.06.011

Meier, A., Reinecke, L., & Meltzer, C. E. (2017). “‘Facebocrastination’? Predictors of using Facebook for procrastination and its effects on students” well-being’: Corrigendum. Computers in Human Behavior, 76, 601–601. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.07.010

Merett, F. N., Bzuneck, J. A., de Oliveira, K. L., & Rufini, S. É. (2020). University students profiles of self-regulated learning and motivation. Estudos de Psicologia, 37. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-0275202037e180126

Montgomery, S., Gregg, D. H., Somers, C. L., Pernice-Duca, F., Hoffman, A., & Beeghly, M. (2019). Intrapersonal variables associated with academic adjustment in United States college students. Current Psychology: A Journal for Diverse Perspectives on Diverse Psychological Issues, 38(1), 40–49. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-016-9533-0

Morris, P. E., & Fritz, C. O. (2015). Conscientiousness and procrastination predict academic coursework marks rather than examination performance. Learning and Individual Differences, 39, 193–198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2015.03.007

Nordby, K., Klingsieck, K. B., & Svartdal, F. (2017). Do procrastination-friendly environments make students delay unnecessarily? Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 20(3), 491–512. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11218-017-9386-x

Odaci, H. (2011). Academic self-efficacy and academic procrastination as predictors of problematic internet use in university students. Computers & Education, 57(1), 1109–1113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.01.005

Patrzek, J., Grunschel, C., & Fries, S. (2012). Academic procrastination: The perspective of university counsellors. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 34(3), 185–201. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10447-012-9150-z

Perrin, C. J., Miller, N., Haberlin, A. T., Ivy, J. W., Meindl, J. N., & Neef, N. A. (2011). Measuring and reducing college students’ procrastination. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44(3), 463–474. https://doi.org/10.1901/jaba.2011.44-463

Przepiorka, A. M., Blachnio, A., & Díaz-Morales, J. F. (2019). I will do it tomorrow! Exploring the dimensionality of procrastination in Poland. Time & Society, 28(1), 415–437. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961463X16678251

Rahimi, S., Hall, N. C., & Pychyl, T. A. (2016). Attributions of responsibility and blame for procrastination behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01179

Rice, K. G., Richardson, C. M. E., & Clark, D. (2012). Perfectionism, procrastination, and psychological distress. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 59(2), 288–302. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026643

Saleem, M., & Rafique, R. (2012). Procrastination and self-esteem among university students. Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 9(3), 50–53.

Scent, C. L., & Boes, S. R. (2014). Acceptance and commitment training: A brief intervention to reduce procrastination among college students. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 28(2), 144–156. https://doi.org/10.1080/87568225.2014.883887

Seo, E. H. (2011). The relationships among procrastination, flow, and academic achievement. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 39(2), 209–218. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.2.209

Seo, E. H. (2012). Cramming, active procrastination, and academic achievement. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 40(8), 1333–1340. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2012.40.8.1333

Smyth, L., Mavor, K. I., & Gray, L. R. (2019). Not just who you are, but who you were before: Social identification, identity incompatibility, and performance‐undermining learning behaviour in higher education. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 29(6), 474–491. https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2413

Soysa, C. K., & Weiss, A. (2014). Mediating perceived parenting styles–test anxiety relationships: Academic procrastination and maladaptive perfectionism. Learning and Individual Differences, 34, 77–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2014.05.004

Sumaya, I. C., & Darling, E. (2018). Procrastination, flow, and academic performance in real time using the experience sampling method. The Journal of Genetic Psychology: Research and Theory on Human Development, 179(3), 123–131. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221325.2018.1449097

Tani, K. (2017). Academic procrastination and the effect on students’ results for ICT students. International Journal of Cyber Behavior, Psychology and Learning, 7(2), 31–35. https://doi.org/10.4018/IJCBPL.2017040103

Theiss, J. D., Hobbs, W. B., Giordano, P. J., & Brunson, O. M. (2014). Undergraduate consent form reading in relation to conscientiousness, procrastination, and the point-of-time effect. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 9(3), 11–17. https://doi.org/10.1177/1556264614540593

Wessel, J., Bradley, G. L., & Hood, M. (2019). Comparing effects of active and passive procrastination: A field study of behavioral delay. Personality and Individual Differences, 139, 152–157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.11.020

Westgate, E. C., Wormington, S. V., Oleson, K. C., & Lindgren, K. P. (2017). Productive procrastination: Academic procrastination style predicts academic and alcohol outcomes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 47(3), 124–135. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12417

Wolters, C. A., & Benzon, M. B. (2013). Assessing and predicting college students’ use of strategies for the self-regulation of motivation. Journal of Experimental Education, 81(2), 199–221. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220973.2012.699901

Wolters, C. A., Won, S., & Hussain, M. (2017). Examining the relations of time management and procrastination within a model of self-regulated learning. Metacognition and Learning, 12(3), 381–399. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11409-017-9174-1

Yang, Z., Asbury, K., & Griffiths, M. D. (2019). An exploration of problematic smartphone use among Chinese university students: Associations with academic anxiety, academic procrastination, self-regulation and subjective wellbeing. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 17(3), 596–614. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-018-9961-1

Zhou, M. (2019). The role of personality traits and need for cognition in active procrastination. Acta Psychologica, 199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.102883

Zhu, L., Meng, D., Ma, X., Guo, J., & Mu, L. (2020). Sleep timing and hygiene practices of high bedtime procrastinators: A direct observational study. Family Practice, 37(6), 779–784. https://doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmaa079