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Mass Shootings: A Research Guide: School Shootings

A category unto itself

Mass shootings at schools, from elementary schools to universities, constitute a much-discussed subcategory of mass shootings.

Perhaps the most infamous mass shooting in modern U.S. history took place at Columbine High School near Littleton, Colorado, on April 20, 1999 (13 dead).

Other incidents of note:

  • Virginia Tech (April 16, 2007; 32 dead)
  • Sandy Hook Elementary, Newtown, CT (Dec. 14, 2012; 26 dead)
  • Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, Parkland, FL (Feb. 14, 2018; 17 dead)
  • Robb Elementary, Uvalde, TX (May 24, 2022; 21 dead)

Like other kinds of mass shootings, school shootings are not confined to the U.S. Selected examples:

  • April 26, 2002, Erfurt, Germany
  • Nov. 7, 2007, Tuusula, Finland
  • Sept. 23, 2008, Kauhajoki, Finland
  • March 11, 2009, Winnenden, Germany

Governmental reports

Background reading