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Mass Shootings: A Research Guide: Emergency Response


The Columbine incident, in which the shooters continued to kill and injure victims while police maintained a perimeter around the school, changed the standard procedure for law enforcement response to mass shootings. Subsequently, police have focused on engaging shooters as quickly as possible.

High-casualty incidents of any sort also pose challenges for medical providers, and in active shooter situations, treating gunshot wounds is particularly urgent.

Law Enforcement Response

Medical Response