Alongside mass shootings related to terrorism, some mass shootings may also qualify as hate crimes. The FBI defines a hate crime as a "criminal offense against a person or property motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender, or gender identity."
A few examples, below. As noted under the "Terrorism" tab, hate crime mass shootings may also be considered terrorist acts,
Whether familicides count as mass shootings is a subject of debate (see under the "Data" tab in this guide). Given that familicides are overwhelmingly carried out against women by estranged intimate partners who are men, gender is a factor in such incidents, although they are generally not considered hate crimes. The FBI's analysis, which uses a relatively narrow definition of mass shootings, noted that 10% of active shooter incidents were directed at current or former wives or girlfriends (p. 10 of "A Study of Active Shooter Events").